These snakes are non-venomous, however, so their bite is relatively harmless. The mud snake is very docile and refuses to bite, but its habit of pressing the spine-like tip of the tail against the captor's skin gives rise to the misconception that the mud snake can sting. (Wikimedia). This snake was a solid six feet long, his body bearing the classic alternating bands of light gray and white scales typical of rat snakes in Alabama. (Wikimedia). A medium-sized, slender snake with a short, blunt head only slightly wider than neck. Sometimes referred to as "ground rattlers", they range in length from 15 to 24 inches at maturity, and when in a coiled position are roughly the size of a loblolly pine cone. Cottonmouth are large, aquatic, venomous snakes. (Photo/John D. Wilson). (Photo/David Rogues). It can be found in the southeastern and central parts of the USA and Canada. These snakes have keeled scales. Plain-bellied water snakes can be found in a variety of aquatic habitats, but are most common in larger, more permanent bodies of water such as rivers, swamps, marshes, and ponds. Belly immaculate white, but darker dorsal blotches may color the sides of the ventral scales. The Midland Snake is a heavy bodied aquatic snake which can be commonly confused with the venomous Cottonmouth/Water Moccasin. Rough green snakes are a uniform bright green color with an ivory or off white belly and a pale white throat. (Wikimedia). Two bold, longitudinal rows of black spots separate a rose-colored band from two lateral lemon-colored bands on belly. The color of this snake is highly variable, its back could be gray, brown and less commonly black and the head may be a different color altogether. It is a heavy-bodied snake that can reach lengths close to seven feet, although the average adult is four to five feet. Belly is white with boxlike dark gray to brownish blotches and dark spots that become stripes under the tail. (Wikimedia). (Photos/Chris Funk and Scott Wright). While waiting for prey, they will remain in a coiled position, sometimes for up to three weeks. They are also all constrictors, like boa constrictors, meaning they choke the life out of their victims, then eat them. Eastern coachwhips are nonpoisonous snakes. The belly is generally yellowish to white. The coloration of this species varies from blackish to yellowish to pinkish, or grayish with dark, bent crossbands aligned along the dorsal length of its body. The Rainbow Snake is semi-aquatic, exhibiting a preference for spring-fed runs, clear streams, and clear rivers, reportedly tolerating saltwater habitats such as, marshes, bay shores, inlets, and estuaries. You can reach him via email at braines@al.com. (Wikimedia). The Eastern Kingsnake is a relatively long 3-7 feet long, cylindrically bodied, supple snake with a head only slightly wider than the neck. Rough green snakes are particularly abundant along the edges of ponds or streams where they can be found in the overhanging branches of trees and shrubs. All rights reserved (About Us). Their head and neck are typically black with the body gradually lightening to a tan colored tail. The wedge-shaped, black head barely wider than neck. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/21). Their red bands are wider than are their black and yellow bands. A lighter to darker cross-banding pattern may be seen, especially on the sides. Adult garter snakes are usually between 18-26 inches long, but may reach 36 inches in length. Mud snakes are large aquatic snakes that attain lengths up to 80 inches, but generally are 40 to 65 inches in length. This member of the genus Nerodia is unusual in that it is the only striped member of the group. Pit vipers have a set of well developed fangs capable of injecting venom. Startled as it crossed a foot path, the serpent immediately slithered toward a nearby tree and made its escape heading straight up the trunk. The red milk snake is a medium sized snake that may reach a length close to 40 inches. The color is gray to light brown or reddish brown. Alabama has an abundance of snakes, from venomous pit vipers like copperheads or rattlers, to harmless snakes like rat snakes and garter snakes. These include the eastern indigo snake, southern hognose snake and the mimic glass lizard. (Photo/ Noah Mueller). You saw them often in the Ozarks, and people The Southern water snake is a non-venomous snake normally less than 4 feet in length. The mud snake has a sharp point on the end of its tail. Because of its secretive nature and moving mainly at night, they are rarely encountered. (Photo/John Sullivan). In the video, you will see a branch break as he slithered onto it. These stripes are what earned the garter snake its name because people described the stripes as resembling those on a garter. Image of biology, environmental, reptilian - 15542462 Note to readers: if you purchase something through one of our affiliate links we may earn a commission. (Wikimedia). Worm snakes are small secretive snakes only reaching 13 inches in length. Upper jaw has a pair of immovable, grooved, erect fangs near front. Thus, the common nicknames "horned snake" and "stinging snake." So, it is not surprising that roof rats are now often found in Southern Alabama and around the port cities. Peripheral and rare in southern Coastal Plain and southern Pine Plains and Hills of southwestern Alabama where known from only a few localities in Mobile, Washington, and Baldwin Counties. The Western Earth Snake is a small, slightly stout, plain-colored snake with a conical head. Gray Rat Snake. Namely, snakes dropping onto you as you walk beneath a tree. It was quite amazing to watch, as the bulk of his body weight dropped several feet, and yet he didn’t fall. Plain black coloration with a lighter underside. Jan 2, 2013 - This board is dedicated to the wonderful snakes found in the area where I live, Alabama!!. These pits are heat seeking sensors that help the snake locate warm-blooded prey. Red milk snakes are usually associated with dry, open woodlands and woodland edges. The gulf salt marsh snake's belly is darker in color, but has a conspicuous light stripe down the center. The topside of the snake contains the characteristic yellow diamond shapes surrounding black and brown centers. (Wikimedia). The tail is short and stout with a rattle or button at the end. (Photo/Brad Moon). Scarlet snakes are non venomous and usually 14-20 inches in length. Ringneck snakes are found in wooded, terrestrial type habitats, commonly under objects such as stumps, logs and leaf litter, and can be found in gardens, flower beds and occasionally in salt marshes. (Photo/Glenn Bartolotti). They have large heads with strong jaws. Brown water snakes are large snakes that can reach a total length of 30-55 inches. This snake often has squared reddish belly spots and is sometimes confused with the cottonmouth - which in contrast, has no reddish belly spots. Eastern rat snakes, formerly known as black rat snakes, are large non-venomous snakes between 3.5 and 7 feet (one and two meters) long. This snake can be found hiding under leaf litter, logs, and other cover objects within hardwood forests and around wetland edges. It is black with traces of yellow or white spots, or bands above and has a white throat. Adults are light tan with darker squarish brown blotches down their back. The dark blotches are connected on the sides by alternating dark bars thus forming the diamond-shaped patterns for which the snakes are named. They do, however, have a row of scales between the eyes and lips which positively identifies them. The belly is plain white or cream-colored. The Rainbow Snake is one of the most beautiful snakes in Alabama. The upper jaw contains movable recurved fangs. (Photo/John D. Wilson). One note is that they are seldom found in extremely dry habitats. The snake is smooth scaled with a uniform blue-black color. Many species make attractive and docile pets and one, the corn snake, is one of the most popular reptile petsin the world. 2. In fact eleven different subspecies inhabit almost every state in the lower 48 states. (Photo/James R. Anderson). The belly is plain white or cream-colored. © 2021 Advance Local Media LLC. The black racer is a relatively long and slender snake. Two men at work Monday spotted two snakes that originally some thought was a python. Turns out experts with the Alabama Herpetological Society say it was a “harmless grey ratsnake." Plain-bellied water snakes are relatively large, thick bodied, harmless, semi-aquatic snakes. Midland Water Snakes are ommon statewide, except southernmost portions of Coastal Plain, where apparently confined to immediate vicinity of Conecuh, Yellow, and Choctawhatchee Rivers. How would you react if you saw an 8-foot snake hanging right above your head? Two stripes typically are brown while two stripes are lighter tan or yellowish in color. They will, however, bite hard and repeatedly when cornered or captured. Rough earth snakes are found in a variety of forested habitats having abundant ground cover. Dry areas such as old fields, forest openings and hardwood hammocks are also utilized. The longest one on record was almost 70 inches long. A large number of snakes, both venomous species, and non-venomous species call Alabama their home. It is commonly dark brown in color with lighter broad bands throughout the length of the body. (Photo/Richard Dowling). Salt marsh snakes feed on small crabs and fish. (Wikimedia). Dark bands may be visible on both the snake's back and sides, particularly in younger snakes. They have shiny black scales on their back and a light colored belly, and their throat and chin are white. Lip scales are uniformly yellowish or white with no markings between them. The Eastern Indigo Snake is a large, stout bodied, non-poisonous snake the can reach seven feet in length. The scales of the mud snake are smooth, with a glossy black color on the dorsal and a bright red or pink and black checkerboard pattern on the ventral. (Photo/Jarek Tuszynski). Body moderately stout, but head only slightly wider than neck. Rat snakes are members – along with kingsnakes, milk snakes, vine snakes and indigo snakes – of the subfamily Colubrinae of the family Colubridae. (wikimedia). A light colored Y or V-shaped patch is present on the nape of the neck or the back of the head. Queen snakes are highly aquatic snakes most commonly found in smaller streams and rivers with moving water, but can also be found in ponds and lakes. Usually inhabits more wooded areas than the rough earth snake to which it is similar in appearance. But they also feed on other small rodents, birds, frogs and reptiles. Variations in color are noticeable in gray rat snakes with individuals in south Alabama being much lighter than those found elsewhere in the state. This snake has a highly variable color pattern. Their heads are red and their snouts are pointed. No wonder then that some of the key items on the ratsnake diet are birds, bird eggs, and small mammals like squirrels. Adults average 50-72 inches long, but have been recorded up to 102 inches in length. The dorsal surface of the snake is characterized by black-bordered red saddles with alternating smaller blotches of the same color located laterally. Rough earth snakes are small fairly slender snakes, ranging from 7 to 12" in length. See more ideas about snake, reptiles and amphibians, reptiles. They are medium to large constrictors and are found throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere. Its head is small, somewhat flattened with a rounded snout and is darker in color than the rest of the body. The maximum recorded length is 24 inches. A short, stout bodied, nonpoisonous snake. More Alabama Colubrid Snakes. Most have a light brown to grey background color and have dark brown to black blotches/bands on their backs. The black kingsnake, like all kingsnakes, will frequently rattle their tail, release musk, and bite upon capture. The caption info under each photo offers a physical description of the snake, the habitat they prefer, and what they eat. (Wikimedia). One of Alabama's most common snakes north of Buhrstone/Lime Hills. Their belly is light-colored with darker blotches some of which are shaped like a half moon. Beware snakes in trees! The venom of the eastern diamondback rattlesnake attacks blood, tissue, and the nervous system. The Southern water snake also has a dark stripe extending from the eye to the corner of its mouth. Most snakes encountered here are rat snakes, which are very common and aren’t venomous, but the state’s six venomous snakes may also be encountered.” Secor said the state’s six venomous snakes are copperheads, coral snakes, water moccasins/cottonmouths, pigmy rattlesnakes, timber rattlesnakes and eastern diamondback rattlesnakes. The coloration of the belly is often in stark contrast with the rest of the snake. It has a narrow yellow or cream-colored ring around the neck from whence it gets its name. The Ribbon Snake has a sequence of 19 keeled scales, which are rough to the touch with a ridge in the center of each scale. The Brown Snake is common essentially statewide, but lack of records from much of southeastern Coastal Plain may reflect actual scarcity or absence there. All rights reserved (About Us). Snakes can be removed from in houses, basements, garages, and all other places a snake may invade a home or business. (Photo/John D. Wilson). Dorsal color pattern of alternating dark rusty brown and cream-colored blotches often indistinct anteriorly, becoming distinct posteriorly; each scale trimmed in dark brown pigment. Many snakes vary greatly … It can grow to 90 inches. They prefer their habitats to be relatively moist and well shaded. https://www.al.com/outdoors/2016/04/50_snakes_that_call_alabama_ho.html Fun… Copperheads have elliptical pupils. Like most other North American water snakes, diamondback water snakes are extremely aggressive and will bite hard and repeatedly if cornered. As is typical of pit vipers, pigmy rattlesnakes are venomous snakes and prefer to sit and wait for prey to pass by. The belly is white with large rectangular markings arranged irregularly or in a checkerboard fashion. They have a pointed head and very noted tiny black eyes. The gray rat subspecies is slightly smaller than the black rat, attaining a maximum length of only about 84 inches. Roof Rat: Hundreds of years ago, the roof rat was introduced into the United States by hitchhiking on ships coming from other countries where they were common. I followed this snake up into the trees via a couple of handy ladders until we were 20 feet off the ground. Also known as: Water moccasin. Gulf saltmarsh snakes are medium-sized water snakes reaching a maximum length of 36 inches, though most individuals encountered are 30 inches or less in length. Status: Lowest conservation concern. Black Racer (Coluber constrictor) is the general name for one of the most widespread of all the racer snakes. The large and distinctive head is marked with a dark band extending obliquely from each eye to the lips. Body pattern consists of alternating, complete, transverse rings of red, yellow, and black (with red and yellow rings touching) that continue completely around venter. Browse 490 rat snake stock photos and images available, or search for black rat snake or eastern rat snake to find more great stock photos and pictures. Typically, these snakes have three yellow stripes running down the length of their backs, but the stripes are sometimes reddish and sometimes closer to white than yellow. Three native species have possibly been extirpated from the state. Buy newspaper front pages, posters and more. Scales are smooth. Southern water snakes feed on a variety of aquatic prey to include frogs, small fish, crayfish; tadpoles, and salamanders. Large, nonvenomous snake that is commonly found in rafters and trees. They sometimes are found in brackish waters along the gulf coast. The average size of an adult snake is 14 to 20 inches. (Wikimedia). Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/21). They are generally dark above - olive, brown, or black. But rat snake coils are sloppier, looking a little more like scaly pretzels knotted around their prey. They usually are not found in freshwater environments. They can be found in northern New York down through Georgia, and west across Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. They also have a prominent sharp tip on the tail which is probably used for digging. Their belly has light spots resembling half-moons against a uniform gray or brown background. I once eliminated a 6-foot-4-inch “black snake” at my back door. However, the light spots periodically align across the back of most individuals from Alabama to create thin cross bands at regular intervals down the back. A thoroughly aroused cottonmouth throws its head upward and backward and holds its mouth wide open, revealing a white interior - the origin of the name cottonmouth. Black racers are, as the name implies, solid deep black in color on their upper side. Color is a common name applied to many of the species as well as the Black Racer. The black rat snake is more common in north Alabama, … A large snake of dry, periodically burned open pine or mixed pine-scrub oak forest with abundant groundcover vegetation. (Wikimedia). (Wikimedia). Eastern hognose snakes are sometimes referred to as "puff adders". Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Belly has black square blotches infused peripherally between the red, ventral scales. It can be also found near the farms and in the urban areas. The lateral stripes are separated from the belly by a golden, brown or yellowish orange mid-dorsal stripe. They are very similar in appearance to the scarlet king snake. The venom of the eastern diamondback rattlesnake attacks blood, tissue, and the nervous system. (Wikimedia). The patterning is relatively non-descript and the snake generally appears to be a uniform dark or dull green with the color becoming lighter on the snake's sides. (Wikimedia). The scarlet kingsnake is a non venomous small snake rarely reaching lengths of more than two feet. Highly aquatic, glossy crayfish snakes can be observed in many different wetland types but may be most often encountered in areas with a high density of aquatic vegetation and mucky substrates. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. Their heads are typically small and barely distinct from the neck, the bodies are cylindrical, the scales smooth, and they have a single anal scale. The act of striking can extend up to two-thirds the length of the snake. It is sometimes mistaken for a black racer or black pine snake. My wife, Shannon, a little alarmed by all the ratsnake skins found in our barn. Their coloration varies from almost uniformly black, to brown, to olive, or grey; or they may have irregular patterns of dark blotches down the back, alternating with dark spots on each side. Snakes are found in all regions in Alabama, from the northern mountains … Hoover Rat Removal is a very common pest problem and a common complaint received in the areas of Hoover Alabama. Ben Raines specializes in investigations and natural wonders. Three prominent, red, longitudinal stripes contrast against a black to bluish back. Often makes a startlingly loud hissing sound when cornered and frightened. The eastern diamondback rattlesnake is the largest species of rattlesnake in the world. You’ll see as he manages to hold on to the limb with just his tail. This is one of Alabama's most diminutive snakes; they may only reach about 12 inches but are often considerably smaller. Currently a candidate for federal listing. There are multiple members of the ratsnake family in Alabama, including the gorgeous orange and red cornsnake, and the black ratsnake, but mostly I encounter the gray version. 24/7 Cell Phone: 205-803-6098 All of the members of the ratsnake family are non-venomous. The Black Pine Snake is rare and possibly endangered in southern Pine Plains and Hills region west of Mobile Bay. It has no distinct markings. Tis snake prefers pen areas with early vegetation, especially habitats subjected to occasional fire, preferred as are dry, forested, or partially forested areas where soil is fairly sandy or loose and gravelly. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN. When vibrated for a warning, the rattle is often difficult to hear and has been compared to the sound of an insect buzzing. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Photo about A Gray Rat Snake (Elaphe obsoleta) at Monte Sano State Park in northern Alabama. Their large eyes have round pupils and are shielded from above by projecting ridges of scale. Southeastern crowned snakes feed primarily on soft bodied invertebrates, including worms and termites. The corn snake, (Pantherophis guttatus guttatus) lives in the southeastern United States, and is distinguished by having brownish-red skin with orange/red saddles, the saddles having black borders, and usually a black and white underbelly. Individuals may vary from light gray anteriorly to rusty-brown posteriorly. It belongs to a group of snakes commonly called "pit vipers". (Photo/Richard Dowling). The head has various markings of red bordered by black on top. However, in captivity, they can be other colors such as yellow and gray. Two men at work Monday spotted two snakes that originally some thought was a python. Rat snakes are found throughout the eastern United States and have a highly variable color pattern. Worm snakes greatly resemble earthworms which is how they got their name. In the video above, you can watch such with your own eyes as a ratsnake I surprised in my field made his arboreal escape. Although they may be find in a variety of upland habitats throughout their range, they likely prefer forests with well-drained soils and lots of cover. They are greenish-brown to brown in color with dark blotches down their backs. Pigmy rattlesnakes, as their name would imply, are miniature rattlesnakes. Found in dry, upland habitats. The western rat snake has one of the largest distributions of all common rat snakes. A couple narrow stripes may be seen running down the length of the body. The rattle is composed of hollow, interlocking segments that click against each other when the tail vibrates. (Photo/Scott Gravette). Rough earth snakes primarily feed on earthworms, slugs, snails, other invertebrates, and small frogs. Usually brown in color but can vary from gray to olive green, with three dark stripes which are faint running along the upper body and yellow or golden stripe along the lower sides of the body. Easily distinguished by smooth, polished, black to dark brown scales on back and sides brightly overlaid with a series of 23 to 52 narrow, cream, or yellow transverse bands. Mole kingsnakes likely feed on a wide variety of small mammals, lizards, and other similar-sized prey. Dark "hourglass cross bands" are common to both species. Coachwhips are one of the largest snakes in North America. As with all snakes, they can be defensive when approached too closely, handled, or restrained, but bites ar… The gray ratsnake or gray rat snake (Pantherophis spiloides), also commonly known as the central ratsnake, chicken snake, midland ratsnake, or pilot black snake, is a species of nonvenomous snake in the genus Pantherophis in the subfamily Colubrinae. Scarlet snakes are found in forested habitats having dry sandy soils. The gray ratsnake is one of about ten species within the American ratsnake genus Pantherophis Range in Alabama: Common throughout the state. Montgomery Rat Removal. They typically tame quick and are often kept as pets. The belly is light colored with two rows of dark spots that unite to become one as they approach the animal's throat. Dorsal ground color white, cream, yellowish, or gray, with 25-31 dark blotches. And gray appearance of keeled scales distinctive head is small, somewhat flattened with conical... Just his tail much lighter than those found elsewhere in the video, you will see a branch as. As a collar and lips which positively identifies them is quite adaptable and can thrive in diverse environments mainly... About 72 inches keep in mind that several of these snakes live in rat snake alabama or settings! State Park in northern New York down through Georgia, and other similar-sized prey are fairly,... 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