Some features of the old building, including the painted dome, can still be seen within the Lycée. Your inscription is valid for both Bnf and INHA. Quai … The building was classified as a national historic monument in 1992. The first record of the existence of the Sainte-Genevieve library dates from 831, and mentions the donation of three texts to the Abbey. The early holdings of the library from this time are listed in a 13th-century inventory (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. Later in the century, the American architect Charles Follen McKim used the Sainte-Geneviève Library building as the model his design of the main building of the Boston Public Library. During the reign of Louis VI of France (1108-1137) the Abbey had a particularly important role in European scholarship. Access is granted upon presentation of justificatory documents on your research. [7] The library was brought back to life beginning in 1619, during the reign of Louis XIII of France, by Cardinal Francois de Rochefoucauld. Gleason’s Pictorial. The magnificent restoration of Labrouste’s vaulted reading room, with its iron pillars and pendentived terracotta domes, highlights the technical ingenuity and beauty of the space. [26] Notable users[edit] Notable users of the library included the paleontologist Georges Cuvier, the botanist Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, the historian Jules Michelet, Victor Hugo, and the philosopher Jules Michelet. • Official website (in French) It was to be demolished to make way for the new library. The Labrouste reading room at the Bibliothèque Nationale, Site Richelieu, in Paris. No purchase necessary. Refer to the accreditation service. The ferrous structure of this reading room—a spine of slender, cast-iron Ionic columns dividing the space into twin aisles and supporting openwork iron arches that carry barrel vaults of plaster reinforced by iron mesh—has always been revered by Modernists for its introduction of high technology into a monumental building. Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève. The Library was still attached to the Abbey and the University of Paris, but it ceased to be a library of theology only; by the mid-eighteenth century a majority of the works were in other fields of knowledge. The iron structure of this reading room—a spine of sixteen slender, cast-iron Ionic columns dividing the space into twin aisles and supporting openwork iron arches that carry barrel vaults of plaster reinforced by iron mesh— is revered by Modernists for its introduction of high technology into a monumental building. The library contains around 2 million documents, and currently is the principal inter-university library for the different branches of University of Paris, and is also open to the public. See more ideas about st genevieve, paris, architecture. A grotto-like lodge decorated with gilded mosaics, rocks and a noisy waterfall was the setting for the most sumptuous pleasure house of 1900s Europe. [2] By the 9th century, the basilica had been transformed into an Abbey church, and a large monastery had grown up around it, including a scriptorium for the creation and copying of texts. [24] It also influenced the design of university libraries in the United States, including Low Memorial Library at Columbia University in New York and the Doe Library of the University of California at Berkeley by John Galen Howard, also a former student of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. High in the mountains of Kochi Prefecture, a magnificent library designed by a world-famous architect. [13] The early 19th century[edit] The library continued to flourish in the early 19th century, under the French Directory and then the Empire of Napoleon. However, the library shared the 18th century building of the old Abbey Sainte-Genevieve with s prestigious school, originally known as the central school of the Pantheon, then as the Lycée Napoleon, and then and today as the Lycée Henri IV. A more serious change was made between 1928 and 1934. Labrouste went on to design the Salle Labrouste, the main reading room in the old Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, built between 1862 and 1868. 16203, fol. And this is Paris! Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Ms. 777, fol. Most well known for two luminous library reading rooms built in Paris in the 1800s, the Bibliothèque nationale de France (1838–50) and the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève (1859–75), Labrouste has been long admired by both modernists and postmodernists for his innovative embrace of then-new technologies, like cast iron and gas lighting. • The entry hall  • Reading room in use  • The reading room in 1859  • Ground floor plan (entry hall in center and a reserves)  • Original reading room plan  • Hall and reading room section)  • Façade Later years – expansion and modification[edit] Between 1851 and 1930, the library’s collection grew from one hundred thousand volumes to over a million, requiring a series of reconstructions and modifications. The Portuguese novelist Aquilino Ribeiro was a user of the library. It had originally been occupied by the medieval Collége Montaigu, where Erasmus and Ignatius of Loyola, John Calvin and François Rabelais. In typical Labrouste fashion, the architect found a way to harness the strength of one “ugly” substance in order to let other “pretty” materials soar — in spite of their weakness. The library was granted equal status with the National Library, the future Mazarine Library and Arsenal Library, and could draw books from the same sources. At the same time, the Abbey continued to produce manuscripts illuminated by hand. The University of Paris invited several of his collaborators to Paris to begin a new publishing house. During the second phase of the Richelieu Library renovation, the department welcomes readers in the Labrouste room (reading room of the INHA Library). Arrondissement von Paris und ist als frühes Beispiel des Gusseisenbaus ein bedeutendes Werk von Henri Labrouste, der die Bibliothek von 1843 bis 1851 nach seinen Plänen erbauen ließ. The artist Marcel Duchamp was employed in the book reserve in 1913, at the time he was enjoying his first public exhibition in New York. There is the cast iron tinge of a Labrouste Reading Room, the glistening interiors of Copenhagen’sBlack Diamond, the Brutalist bibliotheques that once sprouted from the grounds of every second university campus. The collection of the library was saved from destruction during the French Revolution. It is located near the Palais Royal, so it is quite easy to combine both sites during a visit. 71v). You must, therefore, make sure that your pass gives you annual access to INHA with the mention « Lecteur Estampes seul ». This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager. [24] Bibliothèque nationale de France (National Library of France). Offer available only in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). [10] During the late 18th century, the library acquired copies of the major works of the Age of the Enlightenment, including the Encyclopédie of Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d’Alembert. Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light. In 1537, King François 1st introduces the deposit of any printed book for sale in … His achievement is one whose combined power and delicacy continues to be cited in textbooks to this day. Henri Labrouste didn’t only add beauty to the library with the 9 glass and steel cupolas but also functionality with this pneumatic tube delivery system, preserved for all to see. Die Bibliothek Sainte-Geneviève liegt am Place du Panthéon im 5. © 2021 Atlas Obscura. Today the library is classified as a national library, a university library and a public library. [24] It also influenced the design of university libraries in the … When the architect Henri Labrouste showed the marvellous reading room of the BibliothèqueNationale in Paris to the public for the first time in the middle of the 19 th century, the enthusiasm of visitors was focused on the slender metal columns and the naturalistic frescoes on the ceilings, with images of trees and squirrels intended to create the impression of reading outdoors. Henri Labrouste: Subscribers - login to skip ads: Location: Paris, France map: Date: 1843 designed, built 1845 to 1851 timeline: Building Type: library: Construction System: bearing masonry and iron spans: Climate: temperate: Context: urban: Style: Italian Renaissance Revival: Notes: Monumental long vaulted reading room. It also appears as a setting in works of fiction, including in Les Illusions Perdues of Honoré de Balzac, in the novels of Simone de Beauvoir, in Ulysses of James Joyce and the writings of Guillaume Apollinaire. Du Mollinet founded a famous small museum, the Cabinet of Curiosities, with Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities, medals, rare minerals and stuffed animals, within in the library. Labrouste war das jüngste Kind des Politikers François-Marie Labrouste (17621835), einem Mitglied des Rats der Fünfhundert und dessen Ehefrau Anne-Dominique Gourg (17641851). It was located near the present church of Saint-Étienne-du-Mont and the present Panthéon, which was built atop the original abbey church. [25] As the collection continued to grow, a new annex in the modernist style was added in 1954. She died in 502 and Clovis died in 511, and the basilica was completed in 520. This reading room designed by Labrouste has since become the defining image of the library, and bears the name of the architect himself. In the 16th and 17th century he library ceased to acquire new books and stopped producing catalogs of its holdings. [1] History[edit] Main article: Abbey of St Genevieve The Monastic library[edit] The Abbey of St Genevieve is said to have been founded by King Clovis I and his queen, Clotilde. [17] The new library showed the influence of the prevailing academic beaux-arts style and the influence of Florence and Rome, but in other ways it was strikingly original. At the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Labrouste was one of the first to introduce gas lighting into an architectural composition, using … Seine Geschwister waren Étienne (17921858), Alexandre (17961866), Marie-Anne (17971885) und Théodore (17991885). By 1687 the library possessed twenty thousand books, and four hundred manuscripts. Sign up for our newsletter and enter to win the second edition of our book. [11] • The Astronomical Clock (17th century)  • The celestial globe, from the cabinet of curiosities (17th century)  • Ceremonial Arawak baton from Cabinet of Curiosities (17t-18th century)  • Bust of the naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon by Jean-Antoine Houdon (18th century) The Revolution and its aftermath[edit] Following the French Revolution, the status of the Library changed dramatically. ISBN 978-2-07-013241-6. This 8th-century Bavarian monastery is home to an exquisite Baroque-era library. However, the Library did manage to retain a large number of objects, including the celebrated astronomical clock, the oldest example of its kind, acquired by the library in about 1695, and a variety of terrestrial and celestial globes, as well as objects illustrating cultures around the world, which are on display in the library today. We depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the world’s hidden wonders. Later in the century, the American architect Charles Follen McKim used the Sainte-Geneviève Library building as the model his design of the main building of the Boston Public Library . Inspired by Parisian markets and railway stations, the Labrouste Reading Room is known for the 16, arboreal iron pillars propping up a series of pendentived terra cotta domes. He saw the library as an important weapon of the Counter-Reformation against Protestantism. Earlier this week, Kate and I had the pleasure of photographing an American expat, Gretchen, for Our Paris Stories. Though similar systems involving pneumatic tubes exist elsewhere, Labrouste made this space-age document delivery service a reality, decades before these other institutions, and his tubes have lasted to this day. Due to the diplomatic skills of the director, Alexandre Pingré, his reputation as an astronomer and geographer, and his contacts within the new government, the collection was not dispersed, and actually grew, as the library took in the collections confiscated from other Abbeys. [27] Directors and principal keepers[edit] • Jean Baptiste LeChevalier (1806-1836) • Charles Kohler ( ? Reading Room: 7 Captivating Personal Libraries. The later computerization of the catalog created space for an additional one hundred seats. The Reading Room of Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève. Steel trusses of the reading room. Please click below to consent to the use of this technology while browsing our site. 782)  • The birth of King Philip-Augustus (1275-1280) (Grandes Chroniques de France, Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Ms. 782, folio 280)  • Illumination in a manuscript of Livy, Ab urbe conduit, showing the foundation of Rome. The library opened again for visitors in July 2017 and it is now a centre for education and national culture. [5] By the early 13th century the university library was already famous throughout Europe. His read- ing rooms are magical spaces. He had received few architectural commissions, but in 1838 he received the title of Inspector of Historic Monuments, and in this capacity he began to plan the new building. Henri Labrouste (French, 1801-1875). Sainte-Geneviève Library (French: Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève) is a public and university library located at 10, place du Panthéon, across the square from the Panthéon, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. Feb 3, 2017 - Explore FDS's board "BIBLIOTHEQUE SAINT-GENEVIEVE" on Pinterest. 2. The library possesses a text of the Song of Poliphile published in 1499, with engravings after the drawings of Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini. February 20, 2018 by Melissa Lim. [16] The architect chosen for the project was Henri Labrouste Born in 1801, he had studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts where won the Prix de Rome in 1824, and spent six years studying Italian classical and Renaissance architecture. Join Atlas Obscura and Tastemade for a journey through the botanical side of Paris, from hidden flower farms to one of France's oldest fragrance houses. At the time, visitors could witness the rapid distribution of documents from behind the glass wall, to patrons within the reading room. It was a major step in the creation of modern architecture.,[20][21] The large (278 by 69 feet) two-storied structure filling a wide, shallow site is deceptively simple in plan: the lower floor is occupied by stacks to the left, rare-book storage and office space to the right, with a central vestibule and stairway leading to the reading room which fills the entire upper story. The 226 titles and authors included in the 13th century inventory include bibles, commentaries and ecclesiastical history; but also books on philosophy, law, science and literature. Since the Lycée wanted the space as soon as possible, all the books had been moved in 1842 to a temporary library in the only surviving building of Montaigu College. Though the library was supported by famous writers, including Victor Hugo and Jules Michelet, the son of King Louis-Philippe was a student at the lycée, and the lycée won. Oct 7, 2017 - Discover Labrouste Reading Room in Paris, France: This off-limits room in the National Library of France is home to a system of pneumatic tubes, once used to bring books to readers. Follow us on Twitter to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. The facade, exactly the length of the reading room, and the large windows, expressed the function of the building. [23] Labrouste went on to design the Salle Labrouste, the main reading room in the old Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, built between 1862 and 1868. — Sir Bannister Fletcher, A History of Architecture, p1206. At the time of the fall of Napoleon, the library had a collection of one hundred ten thousand books and manuscripts. Behind the pink curtain, Au Bonheur du Jour, an art gallery of erotic archives. The site chosen was close to the old library. had been students. External links[edit], Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève. Many manuscripts were dispersed and sold. The doctrines originally taught by Saint Augustine, and promoted by Suger (1081-1151), the influential religious advisor to the King, required the reading aloud of scriptures, and specified that each monastery have a workshop to produce books and place to keep them. From then on, the Kings of France gathered books in their own library. The cathedral stands in New Jufa, Isfahan's Armenian quarter that was established in 1606. • In the same spirit, the library and the Cabinet of Curiosities were opened to the public. Later in the century, the American architect Charles Follen McKim used the Sainte-Geneviève Library building as the model his design of the main building of the Boston Public Library. p. 48. It held the tombs Saint Genevieve, Clovis, and his descendants. While the collection of books remained intact, the famous cabinet of Curiosities was broken up and some its collection was dispersed to the National Library and Museum of Natural History. Other articles where Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève is discussed: Henri Labrouste: The Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, built between 1843 and 1850, is still admired for the attractiveness and restraint of its decoration and for the sensitive use of exposed iron structural elements (columns and arches). In 1790, the Abbey was secularized, and all of its property, including the library, was confiscated, and the community of monks who ran the library was broken up. The library was designed by Henri Labrouste, a renowned graduate of the École des Beaux-Arts. [15] The Labrouste building[edit] After the expulsion of the library from its old site, the government decided to build a new building for the collection. "The Reading Room is covered with a series of nine pendentived simple domes of terra-cotta, supported by twelve slender columns of iron, aranged in four rows, the outer columns standing close to the walls." The reading rooms are part of the BnF Research Library. To learn more or withdraw consent, please visit our cookie policy. [22] The monumental staircase from the ground floor to the reading room is placed so it doesn’t take any space from the reading room. The legs made of wood spheres are a bit goofy, but the surfaces make for comfortable viewing of drawings and even videos (visible in the foreground of the photo above). In the best of all possible worlds, everyone will get a chance to see this statue in which Voltaire's heart is interred. “Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light,” at the Museum of Modern Art, is elegant and astringent, like Labrouste’s work. Enzymes are biocatalysts evolved in nature to achieve the speed and coordination of nearly all the chemical reactions that define cellular metabolism necessary to develop and maintain life. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris: the reading room Coronavirus update: Our printing service continues to operate as usual, with framed and unframed prints available for delivery in normal timescales. Inspired by Parisian markets and railway stations, the Labrouste Reading Room is known for the 16, arboreal iron pillars propping up a series of pendentived terra cotta domes. 25th September 2016 Uncategorized. The framing of Labrouste as an early modern architect doesn't necessarily come to the fore in the first of the larger exhibition spaces, pictured above. We would like to reassure our customers that we are observing government advice on COVID-19 and adhering to all guidance and best practice. It was the first library in Paris to be constructed specifically as a library. National Library of France-Richelieu Site: Labrouste Reading Room (J. Chung) The reading room is named after Henri Labrouste who was the architect of the Imperial library in 1854. Light filters down into the space by way of skylights, and makes the room’s towering ceilings seem to reach even higher than its five stories. [3] The library was gradually reassembled. He traveled to Rome, following Napoleon’s army, and arranged for the transfer to Paris of books confiscated from the Papal collections. The most impressive room is definitely the Labrouste Reading Room. Labrouste’s library combined two spaces—the serene reading room, with its nine ceramic light-reflecting domes held aloft on attenuated cast iron columns, and the cathedral-like stack room, with its central nave flanked by six stories of book stacks. Yet perhaps the most fascinating element of Labrouste’s design is invisible to the eye: a huge system of pneumatic tubes designed to bring books to and from readers. The results of the first phase of the two-phase renovation process, expected to finish in 2020, are pretty stunning: The spectacular Labrouste Reading Room … [14] The fall of Napoleon and the restoration of the monarchy brought new problems for the Library. The overarching renovating plan involved modernizing and reorganizing the collection in a manner better fit for researchers, while enhancing preservation conditions of the texts contained therein. The Wars of Religion seriously disrupted the activities of the library. named for the neighboring Abbey church, then under construction, which had also been confiscated and renamed. Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Paris, 1838-1850. The library also received collections of books confiscated from nobles who had fled abroad during the Revolution. Like us on Facebook to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. Follow us on social media to add even more wonder to your day. All rights reserved. After the Revolution that building had been transformed into a hospital and then a military prison, and was largely in ruins. (c. 1370) The manuscript belonged to king Charles V of France. After architect Henri Labrouste’s death, the library was expanded again to include the Oval Reading Room. Its roof consists of nine decorated metal domes supported by slender cast-iron columns. It was open not only to students, but also to French and foreign scholars. If you aren’t a student or a researcher, you cannot enter the room; however, the lady at … During the reign of King Charles the 5th (1364-1380), a special room was fit in the Louvre to house 917 books. See. Pingré remained as direct until his death in 1796. Books cited[edit] Peyré, Yves (2011). [4] From 1108 tp 113, the scholar Peter Abelard taught at the Abbey school, challenging many aspects of traditional theology and philosophy. Winner will be selected at random on 02/01/2021. 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The library also displays a notable collection of eighty-six busts of French scientists, some made by the leading French sculptors of the 17th and 18th centuries, including busts by Antoine Coysevox, Jean-Antoine Houdon, and François Girardon. The primary decorative element of the facade is a list of names of famous scholars. This massive library holds what was once largest book collection in the world. It gives you access to all specialized departments at the BnF as well as to the INHA Library (Labrouste Room). There’s a reason history regards Pierre-François-Henri Labrouste so fondly: in addition to being among the most important architects of the 19th Century, the man was also a magician of sorts. His project was confirmed by the Chamber of Deputies in 1843, and a budget voted. Drawings are displayed on retro, pseudo-drafting tables. Labrouste is also remembered for his second library project, the reading room (1860–67) of the Bibliothèque Nationale. This exceptional grouping, which will constitute one of the largest art libraries in the world, will hold more than 1 800 000 documents, of which 230 000 open-access books, and welcome up to 411 readers. Boy, were we impressed with the location she chose. The two institutions battled for space between 1812 and 1842. Consider supporting our work by becoming a member for as little as $5 a month. 1852. Offer subject to change without notice. However, he had to leave, under suspicion of being a heretical Jansenist. Boston, Mass. Again and again, Labrouste returned to the use of iron in his work. A glass partition separated readers from many of the stacks, containing a staggering quantity of information. The collection of the library had more than doubled in size, and needed more space. The texts created or copied included works of history and literature, as well as theology, However, in the course of the 9th century, the Vikings raided Paris three times. In 1892, a hoist was installed to lift books from the reserves to the reading room; it is now on display. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. Even during his own lifetime, Labrouste was renowned for his ability to close the space between beauty and practicality — and nowhere is this more evident than in the reading room that bears his name, inside the Richelieu-Louvois annex of France’s National Library. Natural ‘zenithal’ lighting filters between these … ” And this is Paris! This collection should be opened at the end of 2015 in the Labrouste reading room and its surrounding reserves, at the heart of the renovated Richlieu quadrangle. ISBN 978-0-87070-839-8. Around about 1108, the theology school of the Abbey of Saint Genevieve, was joined together with the School of Notre Dame Cathedral and the school of the Royal Palace to form the future University of Paris. Between 2010 and 2017, the Labrouste Reading Room has been closed due to a series of extensive renovations. The Salle Labrouste, a reading room in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, and built between 1862 and 1868. The abbey was said to have been founded at the beginning of the 6th century at the suggestion of Saint Genevieve, who selected the site, across from the original Roman forum. [12] In 1796, the name of the library was changed; it became the National Library of the Pantheon. Zum ersten Male wurde in Frankreich eine Bibliothek nicht als Anbau eines Klosters oder eines Schlosses konzipiert, sondern als eine Präsenzbibliothek, die … La bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève À travers les siècles (in French). It is based on the collection of the Abbey of St Genevieve, which was founded in the 6th century by Clovis I, the King of the Franks. He donated six hundred volumes from his personal collection,. Like Atlas Obscura and get our latest and greatest stories in your Facebook feed. Once again using the iron structures for which he is now known, Labrouste positioned 16 iron columns, each only one foot in diameter, at intervals throughout the room to create expansive 10-metre-high spaces. Constructed from 1859–75, Labrouste’s neoclassical masterpiece debuted to much fanfare, both popular and critical. The bookstacks, directly to the south of the reading room, were designed, also by Labrouste, as a … [9] He was succeeded by Claude Du Mollinet, librarian from 1673 until 1687. Every weekday we compile our most wondrous stories and deliver them straight to you. Labrouste also designed building so that a majority of the books (sixty thousand) were in the reading room, easily accessible, with a minority (forty thousand) in the reserves. This resource is enriched by the … The base and facade resembled Roman buildings, with simple arched windows and discreet bands of sculpture. The number of seats in the reading room was doubled to seven hundred fifty. The Library of the National Institute of Art History – The Labrouste Reading Room. This public library still showcases its former life as a 19th-century church. [6] • First page of The Book of Genesis, Bible of Manerius (circa 1185), (BSG Ms.8 f7)  • Illuminated manuscript of the Coronation of King Louis IV of France (1275-1280) (Grandes Chroniques de France Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève,Ms. The library was finally expelled from its building. [8] The new library director, Jean Fronteau, reached out to writers including Pierre Corneille, and famous librarians including Gabriel Naudé, to update and expand the collection.