Born in Innsbruck, he was the son of Duke Ernest the Iron from the Leopoldinian line of the Habsburg family ruling Inner Austria, i.e. Frederick III. Sakophag.jpg 852 × 620; 348 KB. By 1439 he had become the senior member of the dynasty and the following year was elected German king; yet he was to be plagued by conflicts with his relatives and a powerful, rebellious nobility throughout his reign. Known For: Holy Roman Emperor and Warrior King; Also Known As: Frederick Hohenstaufen, Frederick Barbarossa, Emperor Frederick I of the Holy Roman Empire ; Born: Exact date unknown; circa 1123, birthplace thought to be Swabia; Parents: Frederick II, Duke of Swabia, Judith, the daughter of Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria, known also as Henry the Black. He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg, and the fourth member of the House of Habsburg to be elected King of Germany after Rudolf I of Germany, Albert I in the 13th century and his predecessor Albert II of Germany. He is also famous for his device composed of the letter sequence ‘AEIOU’, although it … Frederick the Peaceful (or Arch-sleepyhead of the Holy Roman Empire) was the first Holy Roman Emperor from the House of Habsburg; not to be confused with Frederick III (or Frederick the Fair/Handsome) who was King of Germany (and also a Habsburg) from 1314 until 1330. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Frederick of Lorraine, sometimes numbered as Frederick (III) (French: Ferry; German: Frîderich, Friedrich) (2 March 1239 – 1 February 1283), called "the Bald", was the Duke of Lorraine from 1251 to his assassination in 1283. He was known as the puer Apuliae (son of Apulia). Already in these years, Frederick had begun to use the symbolic A.E.I.O.U. Viridis Visconti 6= 6. Although this was regarded as a character flaw in older academic research, his delaying tactics are now viewed as a means of coping with political challenges in far-flung territorial possessions. English: Frederick III Habsburg (1415-1493) became Frederick V, archduke of Austria in 1424. In southern Italy, Otto became the champion of those noblemen and barons who feared Frederick's increasingly strong measures to check their power, such as the dismissal of the pro-noble Walter of Palearia. Ultimately, Frederick prevailed in all those conflicts by outliving his opponents and sometimes inheriting their lands, as was the case with Ladislaus, from whom he gained Lower Austria in 1457, and with his brother Albert VI, whom he succeeded in Upper Austria. Inside the electoral college the duke was vigorously supported by his brother-in-law Frederick of Saxony and was elected unanimously…. He acted similarly towards his first cousin Sigismund of the Tyrolian line of the Habsburg family. The creation of the itinerary using a Historical Geographic Information System (Historical GIS), Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, Filmoteka Narodowa – Instytut Audiowizualny, Works by and about Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, Database "Sources on the Judiciary of Emperor Frederick III" (, Joachim Laczny, Friedrich III. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor was born 21 September 1415 in Innsbruck, Austria to Ernst von Habsburg (1377-1424) and Cymburgis of Mazovia (c1394-1429) and died 19 August 1493 inLinz, Austria of unspecified causes. Frederick's political initiatives were hardly bold, but they were still successful. Carlos of Portugal (1520-1521) (more) 5. Frederick III, 1415–93, Holy Roman emperor (1452–93) and German king (1440–93). … Again he had to ward off the claims raised by his brother Albert VI; he prevailed by the support of the Tyrolean aristocracy. [6] Wiener Neustadt owes him its castle and the "New Monastery". About III called the Peaceful was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Never crowned by the pope, as the journey to Rome was always too risky. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493), called the Peaceful, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death, the first emperor of the House of Habsburg. This coronation took place on the morning of 16 March, in spite of the protests of the Milanese ambassadors, and in the afternoon Frederick and Eleanor were married by the pope. In order to safeguard the peace of the land and against the expansive territorial policy of the Wittelsbachs, numerous affected empire-related states of Swabia joined in 1488 on Frederick's initiative for the Swabian League. The Ottomans took Constantinople in 1453 and advanced into Styria and Carinthia, unopposed by the financially and militarily weak emperor. Because the emperor had been unable to retrieve the Iron Crown of Lombardy from the cathedral of Monza where it was kept, nor be crowned King of Italy by the archbishop of Milan (on account of Frederick's dispute with Francesco Sforza, lord of Milan), he convinced the pope to crown him as such with the German crown, which had been brought for the purpose. A war was prevented only through the mediation of the Emperor's son, Maximilian. In 1452, at the age of 37, Frederick III travelled to Italy to receive his bride and to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor. Frederick III, (born Sept. 21, 1415, Innsbruck, Austria—died Aug. 19, 1493, Linz), Holy Roman emperor from 1452 and German king from 1440 who laid the foundations for the greatness of the House of Habsburg in European affairs. Desc: Frederick III was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death.He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg, and the fourth member of the House of Habsburg to be elected King of Germany after Rudolf I of Germany, Albert I in the 13th century and his predecessor Albert II of Germany. With his brother Albert VI he inherited the duchies of Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola. The Elector of Bohemia was not invited because the Bohemian spa law might have been claimed by the Hungarian King Corvinus. At the time he was elected King of the Romans, Frederick promised to go on crusade. In 1493, he was succeeded by his son Maximilian I … Frederick's concern with southern Germany and Burgundy, however, involved him in nearby Italy. Otto of Brunswick had been crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Innocent III in 1209. In. Frederick is credited with having the ability to sit out difficult political situations patiently. Frederick was baptised in Assisi. Nevertheless, by his dynastic entitlement to Hungary as well as by the Burgundian inheritance, he laid the foundations for the later Habsburg Empire. Although Frederick initially survived the procedure well, he died on 19 August 1493 in Linz at the age of 77. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Leopold III, Duke of Austria 5= 5. Britannica now has a site just for parents! signature as a kind of motto with various meanings. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Share. In general, Frederick kept himself away from women, the reasons for which are not known. He has been severely censured by many historians for his actions in this area. After the royal election Frederick accompanied his son to Aachen, where Maximilian was crowned on 9 April 1486. On 2 February 1440, the prince-electors convened at Frankfurt and unanimously elected him King of the Romans as Frederick IV; his rule was still based on his hereditary lands of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola, or Inner Austria. Johanna of Pfirt … In 1492 he was elected Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor 2= 2. But it is hard to see how he could have avoided an interest in this part of the empire, where since the days of the emperor Henry V(reigned 1106-1125) German rulers had played little role and had allowed both the northern towns of Italy and the papacy to develop relatively undisturbed. Note that our Frederick III was the fourth Frederick, King of Germany who reigned with that title from 1440 until … Frederick was never able to pacify the eastern borders of his realm. Finally, on 19 March, Frederick and Eleanor were anointed in St Peter's Basilica by the Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Francesco Condulmer, and Frederick was then crowned with the Imperial Crown by the pope. He was the penultimate emperor to be crowned … Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Frederick_III,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=993342427, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles to be expanded from September 2017, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alternative coat of arms as Holy Roman Emperor, Heinig, Paul-Joachim. On 16 February 1486 Maximilian was unanimously elected Roman-German king at the Frankfurt Reichstag by the six electors present. Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III - 1440-1493. This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 02:53. Albert illegally took control of some imperial fiefs and then asked to marry Kunigunde (who lived in Innsbruck, far from her father), offering to give her the fiefs as a dower. He became head of the house of Hapsburg at the death (1439) of his distant cousin Albert II, whom he was elected (1440) to succeed as German king. Far more than the French, the late medieval Germans emphasized the imperial Export. Firstly, it presents new evidence for the membership of his chapel. I… He is not to be confused with Frederick III, Elector of Brandenburg or Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. On 6 and 7 December 1493, the funeral took place in St. Stephen's Cathedral. Frederick had five children from his marriage with Eleanor of Portugal: For the last 10 years of Frederick's life, he and Maximilian ruled jointly. He was the penultimate emperor to be crowned by the Pope, and the last to be crowned in Rome. Only three of Frederick's eight siblings survived … Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519) 3. Her dowry would help Frederick alleviate his debts and cement his power. Some chronicles say that his mother, the forty-year-old Constance, gave birth to him in a public square in order to forestall any doubt about his origin. Ernest, Duke of Austria 3= 3. Frederick, the son of Duke Ernest of Austria, inherited the Habsburg possessions of Inner Austria (Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, and Gorizia) on his father’s death in 1424. Since February 1493, Frederick's health deteriorated increasingly. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Frederick III was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1452, following the death of his father. Die Erstellung des Itinerars eines spätmittelalterlichen Herrschers unter Anwendung eines historisch-Geographischen Informationssystems (his-GIS). He was Holy Roman Emperor from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death. From 1431, Frederick tried to obtain majority (to be declared "of age", and thus allowed to rule) but for several years was denied by his relatives. Frederick was known for his great curiosity in science, and the lengths he would go to in his quest for knowledge and empirical understanding both fascinated and repelled his contemporaries. Frederick III ( German: Friedrich Wilhelm Nikolaus Karl; 18 October 1831 – 15 June 1888) was German Emperor and King of Prussia for ninety-nine days in 1888, the Year of the Three Emperors. Frederick had to suffer the humiliation of seeing Matthias I Corvinus of Hungary conquer much of Austria and enter Vienna in 1485, but Matthias’ death in 1490 allowed Frederick’s son Maximilian to recapture Austria (1490–91). Four or more generations of descendants of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (1415-1493) if they are properly linked: 1. [8], He was the fourth Frederick to rule Germany in the Habsburgs' preferred enumeration, which counted, Joachim Laczny: The late medieval ruler Frederick III (1440–1493) on the journey. After 1486, when, on the insistence of the German princes, Maximilian became king of the Romans and co-regent, the Emperor assumed a less active role in affairs of state. FREDERICK III. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. With Albert’s death in 1463, however, and the cession of Tirol by Frederick’s cousin Sigismund to Frederick’s son Maximilian, the Austrian heritage, partitioned between two rival branches of the House of Habsburg in 1379, was once again united. Prior to his imperial coronation, he was duke of the Inner Austrian lands of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola from 1424, and also acted as regent over the Duchy of Austria (as Frederick V) from 1439. Henry Iii (holy Roman Empire), Henry III (1017-1056) was Holy Roman emperor and king of Germany from 1039 to 1056. When the queen gave birth to Ladislaus the Posthumous, as according to the stipulations, Frederick took on his guardianship. Albert II had left only an infant son, and the leadership of the house of Habsburg passed to his cousin Frederick, duke of Styria. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Frederick was titular King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor during the civil war. His grave, built by Nikolaus Gerhaert von Leyden, in St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna, is one of the most important works of sculptural art of the late Middle Ages. The arrival of Turks in Carinthia and the Krain delayed the arrival of Maximilian and with it the funeral service. Born in Jesi, near Ancona, Frederick was the son of the emperor Henry VI. Henry III (28 October 1016 – 5 October 1056), called the Black or the Pious, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1046 until his death in 1056. (1415–1493), Roman emperor,—as Frederick IV., German king, and as Frederick V., archduke of Austria,—son of Ernest of Habsburg, duke of Styria and Carinthia, was born at Innsbruck on the 21st of September 1415. The choice of Maximilian violated the rules of the Golden Bull. WEISS(1872) p267 Grabmal Kaiser Friedrich IV. Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death. As Frederick was rather distant to his family, Eleanor had a great influence on the raising and education of Frederick's children, and she therefore played an important role in the House of Habsburg's rise to prominence. His first major opponent was his brother Albert VI, who challenged his rule. In some smaller matters, Frederick was quite successful: in 1469 he managed to establish bishoprics in Vienna and Wiener Neustadt, a step that no previous Duke of Austria had been able to achieve. Frederick II of Hohenstaufen ( 26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250) was Holy Roman Emperor (King of the Romans) from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death; he was also a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. In 1453, the archducal title of the Austrian rulers, invented by Duke Rudolf IV in the forged Privilegium Maius of 1359, was officially acknowledged by the Habsburg emperor Frederick III. As such, he was King of Germany, and of Italy, and of Burgundy. [4], According to contemporary accounts, Frederick had difficulties developing emotional closeness to other persons, including his children and wife Eleanor. Now all this changed. As a cousin of late King Albert II, Frederick became a candidate for the imperial election. [1] He was the longest-reigning German monarch when in 1493, after ruling his domains for more than 53 years, he was succeeded by his son Maximilian I. von Österreich (1418–1463), Ein Fürst im Spannungsfeld von Dynastie, Regionen und Reich (Forschungen zur Kaiser- und Papstgeschichte des Mittelalters, Beihefte zu J. F. Böhmer, Regesta Imperii 38, Köln, Weimar, Wien 2015. On 8 June 1493 he was amputated under the direction of the surgeon Hans Seyff in the Linz castle of the affected area of the leg. The expedition proved to be a disaster, but Frederick distinguished himself and won the complete confidence of the kin… Frederick III was the longest-reigning emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, ruling for 53 years. In 1442, Frederick allied himself with Rudolf Stüssi, burgomaster of Zurich, against the Old Swiss Confederacy in the Old Zurich War (Alter Zürichkrieg) but lost. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1209, Pope Innocent III crowned Otto of Brunswick as the Holy Roman Emperor. Role Title Holding Repository; creatorOf: Walter Sneyd collection of early modern documents, ca. He held his second cousin once removed Ladislaus the Posthumous, the ruler of the Archduchy of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia, (born in 1440) as a prisoner and attempted to extend his guardianship over him in perpetuity to maintain his control over Lower Austria. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. During 1210-11 Otto came up as a threat to Sicily and challenged Fredrick II’s efforts and invaded the royal domain. On the boy’s death in 1457, the House of Habsburg temporarily lost possession of both domains; Bohemia elected George of Poděbrady and Hungary elected Matthias I Corvinus as kings. Frederick the Peaceful KG (September 21, 1415 – August 19, 1493) was Duke of Austria as Frederick V from 1424, the successor of Albert II as German King as Frederick IV from 1440, and Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III from 1452. He acceded as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in 1440 and was married to Eleanore of Portugal. Media in category "Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor" The following 31 files are in this category, out of 31 total. Ladislaus was freed in 1452 by the Lower Austrian estates. It was from his reign onward, however, that the Habsburgs saw themselves as Christian Europe’s first line of defense against Islām, a role they were to play for more than three centuries. (1440–1493) auf Reisen. Biography; Resources; Relationships; Places; Subjects; Occupations; Functions; View Collection Locations Archival Resources. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (1415-1493) 2. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Frederick III was the longest-reigning emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, ruling for 53 years. In 1424, nine-year-old Frederick's father died, making Frederick the duke of Inner Austria, as Frederick V, with his uncle, Duke Frederick IV of Tyrol, acting as regent. Frederick III (1415–93) Holy Roman Emperor (1440–93). Born at the Tyrolean residence of Innsbruck in 1415, Frederick was the eldest son of the Inner Austrian duke Ernest the Iron, a member of the Leopoldian line of the Habsburg dynasty, and his second wife Cymburgis of Masovia. He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg, and the third member of the House of Habsburg to be elected to King of Germany after Rudolph I of Germany and Albert I in the 13th century. Frederick secured in 1486 the succession of the son in his own lifetime. However, Otto of Brunswick backed off when the princes of Germany dismissed Otto and elected Fredrick II … Frederick was baptised in Assisi. Like many men in the late Middle Ages, he occupied his time with astrology, magic, and the attempted manufacture of gold from base metals; but he also travelled as far as the Holy Land (1437), associated with Humanists, and collected books and precious stones. See more » Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806. The marriage of his daughter Kunigunde to Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria, was another result of intrigues and deception, but must be counted as a defeat for Frederick. Wikipedia. Christof of Austria (1455-1456) 2. Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola, and of Ernest's wife Cymburgis of Masovia. Frederick I, duke of Swabia (as Frederick III, 1147–90) and German king and Holy Roman emperor (1152–90), who challenged papal authority and sought to establish German predominance in western Europe. (Herzog Friedrich V von Innerösterreich; König Friedrich III; elected as German king in 1440, crowned in Aachen in 1442; crowned in Rome as Emperor in 1452) Frederick III (born 1415, ruled 1440–1493) was the first Habsburg to be crowned as Holy Roman Emperor. As such, he was King of Germany, Italy and Burgundy. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493), was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. found: Suchenwirth, R. Deutsche Geschichte, 1939: p. 258, etc. Emperor Frederick III, being pressed to march against the Turks by the Trieste poet Raffaele Zovenzoni, painting by Augusto Tominz (1818-1883) th,century, Italy, Italian ( Frederick III was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [7] With the inheritance of Burgundy, the House of Habsburg began to rise to predominance in Europe. He married Leonor of Portugal (1436-1476) 16 March 1452 JL . (Ladislaus would die before coming of age). WDR-Zeitzeichensendung 1415 - Der Geburtstag von Kaiser Friedrich III. Some chronicles say that his mother, the forty-year-old Constance, gave birth to him in a public square in order to forestall any doubt about his origin. He was the only son and successor of Matthias II and Catherine of Limburg. The heavily adorned tomb was not completed until 1513, two decades after Frederick's death, and has survived in its original condition. ; Died: June 10, 1190 near Saleph … Frederick's style of rulership was marked by hesitation and a sluggish pace of decision making. These conflicts forced him into an anachronistic itinerant existence, as he had to move his court between various places through the years, residing in Graz, Linz and Wiener Neustadt. Frederick III, 1415–93, Holy Roman emperor (1452–93) and German king (1440–93). In 1218, he helped Philip II of France and Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy to bring an end to the War of Succession in Champagne (France) by invading Lorraine, capturing and burning Nancy, capturing Theobald I, Duke of Lorraine and forcing him to withdraw his support from Erard of Brienne. During his reign, Frederick concentrated on re-uniting the Habsburg "hereditary lands" of Austria and took a lesser interest in Imperial affairs. This heightened German dissatisfaction and resulted in the rise of a number of claimants to the throne, including Frederick’s own brother Albert VI. Frederick's father was Ernest the Iron (German: Ernst der Eiserne) (1377-1424) and his wife Cymburga of Masovia. Upon the death of his uncle Duke Frederick IV in 1439, Frederick took over the regency of Tyrol and Further Austria for the duke's heir Sigismund. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, approximately 1123-1190 Alternative names. The medieval empire is generally considered to have attained its… Henry Iv (holy Roman Empire), Henry IV (1050-1106) was Holy Roman emperor and king of Germany from 1056 to 1106. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. Revolts of the Austrian nobility, disputes with the German princes, and inability to carry out governmental reforms caused Frederick to withdraw almost completely from German affairs. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Frederick-III-Holy-Roman-emperor, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Frederick III. This paper will discuss several aspects of his musical patronage during his long reign. Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. Frederick’s greatest achievement was marrying his son in 1477 to Mary, daughter of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, a union that gave the House of Habsburg a large part of the Burgundian domains and made the Austrians a European power. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493), called the Peaceful, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death, the first emperor of the House of Habsburg. Franz Alt Stephansdom Denkmal Friedrich III.jpg 2,963 × 3,919; 3.3 MB. Maximilian was the son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Portugal. Fearing that the Electors would take advantage of his son's political inexperience, Friedrich Maximilian did not equip him with government powers. However, Otto of Brunswick backed off when the princes of Germany dismissed Otto and elected Fredrick II … He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg, and the third member of the House of Habsburg to be elected to King of Germany after Rudolph I of Germany and Albert I in the 13th century. Frederick was now the undisputed head of the Habsburg dynasty, though his regency in the lands of the Albertinian Line (Further Austria) was still viewed with suspicion. A Hohenstaufen, he pursued his dynasty’s imperial policies against the papacy and the Italian city-states. He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg, and the second member of the House of Habsburg to be elected to King of Germany after Rudolph I of Germany in the 13th century. He became head of the house of Hapsburg at the death (1439) of his distant cousin Albert II, whom he was elected (1440) to succeed as German king. The new emperor invaded Italy, where he reached Calabria without meeting much resistance. Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. Frederick II, king of Sicily (1197–1250), duke of Swabia (as Frederick VI, 1228–35), German king (1212–50), and Holy Roman emperor (1220–50). This gave rise to the saying "Let others wage wars, but you, happy Austria, shall marry", which became a motto of the dynasty. His fiancée, the 18-year-old infanta Eleanor, daughter of King Edward of Portugal, landed at Livorno (Leghorn) after a 104-day trip. ; Died: June 10, 1190 near Saleph River, … Mary soon made her choice among the many suitors for her hand by selecting Archduke Maximilian of Austria, the future Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, who became her co-ruler. Translation. He sent forces to Egypt under the com… Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor Label from public data source Wikidata; Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor; Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, 1415-1493; Sources. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. He attempted to win the thrones of Bohemia and Hungary after the death (1458) of his ward, Ladislas V. Instead he lost Austria, Carinthia, Carniola, and Styria to Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, recovering them only on Matthias' death (1490). , etc his guardianship other members of the Golden Bull imperial affairs was unanimously elected Roman-German King the! 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