In the polar regions, the sun has to push through more atmosphere, and is spread over a bigger area than at the equator. It was first visited by humans in 1820, the culmination of centuries of efforts to find it. The Arctic is largely sea, with the north pole over 400 miles away from the nearest land mass. Large areas lie deeper than 1,000 m below sea level. If you continue without changing your settings, you are giving your consent for us to set cookies. Water warms and cools more slowly than land, so areas near the sea have fewer extremes of temperature. But this is where the similarities end. The land mass is very important for human beings to conduct scientific experiments and to analyze the effects of global warming and pollution on sea animals found here. Polar bears spend most of their lives on the sea ice, roaming across this frozen, constantly moving surface, hunting seals through cracks in the ice. This had not been verified by the World Meteorological Organization at the time of writing. Living in the Arctic also means they can tuck into a feast of rodents, insects and berries, none of which are found in Antarctica. The Arctic: Cruising season is determined largely by the sea ice. Antarctic sea ice tends to be covered by thicker snow, which may accumulate to the point that the weight of snow pushes the ice below sea level, causing the snow to become flooded by salty ocean waters. The Arctic offers breathtaking views of fjords, mountains, and glaciers, and there are more green areas with trees and vegetation than you may expect. • Antarctica is the world’s 2nd smallest continent lying in Antarctic region in the South Pole. They even make occasional visits to the Geographic North Pole, in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Musk ox, reindeer, caribou, arctic foxes, arctic hares, wolves, lemmings, voles, polar bears. It is roughly the size of the United States and Mexico combined and is almost completely covered by a layer of ice that averages more than one mile in thickness, but is nearly three miles thick in places. If you have any questions about these remarkable corners of the globe, feel free to drop us a line and we’ll be in touch. Antarctica is a little bit chillier than the Arctic but most people will plan their expeditions for the warmer summer and the dryness also makes it easier to handle the cold.. 7. The Arctic vs Antarctic: which should you visit? The circumference of the Antarctic Circle is 15909 km, while one measurement of the perimeter of Antarctica’s ice is 53610 km. The bowhead, beluga and narwhal are year-round residents of the Arctic. Difference Between Mountain Time and Eastern Time, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Parenchyma and Sclerenchyma, Difference Between Learning Disability and Learning Difficulty, Difference Between Nitronium Nitrosonium and Nitrosyl, Difference Between Trichloroacetic Acid and Trifluoroacetic Acid, Difference Between Group I and Group II Introns, Difference Between Ion Channel and Ion Pump, Difference Between Dielectric Constant and Dielectric Strength, Difference Between Endocytosis and Endoreduplication. From October to March, large patches of the Arctic Ocean are frozen making them almost impossible to navigate. This is the reason why the Antarctic region is considered colder and windier than the Arctic region. Fortunately for Arctic and Antarctic travellers, we steer clear of the polar regions in winter, and we never visit the chilly South Pole! There is another word called Antarctic that confuses many as they think that both refer to one and the same in the world. Both the Arctic and Antarctica have large ice sheets and seasonal sea ice, both of which help keep the poles cold. The North Pole is located at sea level in the middle of the Arctic Ocean, while the South Pole is in the middle of the Antarctic continent at an altitude of 9,300ft (2835m). • Antarctic region lies in South Pole opposite the Arctic region on North Pole. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } While the two look the same at a simple glance, there is a great difference between the two. By contrast, the largest ice sheet in the Arctic, the Greenland Ice Sheet, is only one eighth the size of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The Arctic landscape is extremely diverse, from the dramatic icebergs that calve off the Greenland Ice Sheet to the delicate flowers and berries that bloom across the Arctic tundra in summer, and brilliant displays from deciduous shrubs in the autumn. Find out the REAL reasons you're not allowed to go explore the antartica that is the south poleSubscribe for more amazing videos! Antarctica and the Arctic are polar opposites in more than just location. You can sea-kayak in both the Arctic and Antarctic, but cruise-lines offer more opportunities for camping, cross-country skiing and mountaineering in Antarctica. The United States, Chile, the Soviet Union and Germany disputed Norway's claim. At the start of January, the same month the world marked the 200th anniversary of the discovery of Antarctica, scientists on snowmobiles were zipping across its diamantine ice, dragging a rig of metal detectors in their wake. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Some even have the chance to stand on the sea ice at the northernmost point on Earth. There are an estimated 500 trillion Antarctic krill in the Southern Ocean, weighing 379 million tons. Wildlife. It is situated high on the polar plateau, which is covered in ice 2.8km (1.7m) thick. Next: More arctic and more Antarctica, including Science and survival on Continent 7 and Drifting With the Ice: Life on an Arctic Expedition. Although Antarctica is surrounded by sea, the cooling effect of the massive Antarctic Ice Sheet counteracts any moderating influence of the ocean, except near the coast. Bearded seals have a circumpolar distribution and are permanent residents of the Arctic. The South Pole is so far above sea level that some people who visit will experience altitude sickness! Large reserves of ice have a cooling effect on the air above them. • Antarctic region contains Antarctica, island territories that are situated in the Southern Ocean, and floating ice sheets on ocean. There are no tours to the South Pole, but there is an Antarctic research station. ("Perennial" refers to the oldest and thickest sea ice.) They might be at opposite ends of the planet but, for many, the magnetic polar regions of Antarctica and the Arctic remain side by side on many a once-in-a-lifetime travel wish list. These impressive predators are also incredible swimmers, with records of polar bears swimming some 80 km (50 miles) from any land or floe. Antarctica is mostly an ice sheet, with the south pole located some 800 miles from the sea. During the non-breeding season, groups are sexually segregated, and dominance is based on the size of their bodies and tusks. It’s not uncommon to spot giant petrels soaring past the bridge as we sail, or delicate Wilson’s storm petrels dancing on the surface of the water, foraging for copepods. Cape petrels, Antarctic prions, skuas, terns, cormorants and snow petrels also thrive on the Southern Ocean. Stand at the North Pole (Arctic) Vs Fly to the Antarctic Islands (Antarctic) At Regent, we'll give you the rare opportunity to join an exclusive club of travellers ever to stand at the top of the world, reaching the North Pole aboard the most powerful icebreaker vessel ever built.With its 75,000 horsepower, the I/B 50 Years of Victory is the most powerful icebreaker ever built. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. This includes Adélie, chinstrap, emperor, gentoo, king, macaroni and rockhopper penguins. The Arctic is not as cold as the Antarctic for two main reasons, firstly the effect of the sea that doesn't fall below -2°C which means that the whole of the arctic polar region and coastal regions are kept relatively warm even though the sea is covered by ice. The South Pole is in the middle of Antarctica. Let’s take a look at some of the whales we see in Antarctica. In summer, the ice breaks ups and the enormous ice-sheets crack and split. The walrus is the largest pinniped in the Arctic, with distinctive tusks which they use as weapons, or levers to help them move around on land. Find out more about some of the wonderful wildlife you could spot on a voyage to Antarctica here. Antarctica has no permanent human population. It was in 1959 that 43 countries of the world signed Antarctica Treaty forbidding any mining and exploration on this virgin landmass and also to cooperate with each other in an endeavor to conduct scientific research for the betterment of life and human beings in particular. At the time of writing, 54 nations had signed on to share responsibility for Antarctica. Antarctic krill (Euphasia superba) are small, shrimp-like crustaceans with large, black eyes and many small legs called thoracopods. Simply tell us if you think the answer is the Arctic, Antarctica, or perhaps even both… Apart from that, all other characteristics of the places seem to be the same as they are both in the same region. Keen on outdoor activities? The broad, flat structure of their feet allows the hooves to splay widely and act as snowshoes to travel over winter snows and the summertime spongy arctic tundra. Filed Under: Geography Tagged With: Antarctic, antarctic and antarctica, antarctic definition, Antarctica, antarctica and antarctic, antarctica definition, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. It comes as a surprise to many visitors to Antarctica, but polar bears only live in the Arctic - … There are only a dozen or so arctic birds that live in the Arctic all year round, including the gyrfalcon, raven, ptarmigan, snowy owl, redpolls, gulls (Ross’s and ivory), guillemots and the little auk. Nobody owns the South Pole. Antarctica is the polar region at the south of the planet, home of the penguins. Note: Choosing between the Arctic and Antarctica will depend heavily on what time of year you’re able to travel. In 1938 Germany dispatched the German Antarctic Expedition, led by Alfred Ritscher, to fly over as much of it as possible. So perhaps it won’t come as …, If you’re looking for a different type of travel experience in one of the most remote places on Earth, we …, On an adventure to Antarctica and the Subantarctic islands with Aurora Expeditions, there is one animal that almost everyone wants …, Perched at the top of Britain, Scotland is characterised by its historic cities, winding roads and rugged terrain. Secondly, Antarctica is the highest of all the continents at an average height of 2,300m (7,546 feet or 1.4 miles) more than twice the average height of Asia, the next in line and 3-6 times as high as the other continents. Antarctica is covered by ice throughout the year, less than 5% of Antarctica is free of ice. Some of these myths surrounding Antarctica are disguised as "common sense," and others have clear roots in misrepresentation from the media. Antarctic has remained an unpopulated area throughout the history. Due to the extremely cold climate of the region, you cannot see many animals in the region. Most of the other 100 bird species that breed in the Arctic migrate to warmer climes to escape the harsh winter, including the Atlantic puffin, arctic tern and white-tailed eagle. It doesn’t belong to anyone, but in 2007 Russia sent two submarines more than 4km (2.5 miles) below the surface to plant a one metre high titanium flag on the ocean floor. This is where the cold water of the Antarctic meets the warmer water of sub-antarctic region. When we visit in summer, the weather in the Arctic and Antarctica is quite pleasant! Antarctica is known for being the highest, driest, coldest and windiest continent on earth. This quiz couldn’t be more straightforward. If you could lift the ice off the South Pole in Antarctica you would find a rocky landmass (or landmasses) of gorges, canyons and mountain ranges, much like the other great continents on our planet. See how well you know the Poles and the regions surrounding them. We use cookies to enhance your user experience. Treating earth as round, the top and bottom of the earth are regarded as the North Pole and the South Pole. Antarctica vs the Arctic: 5 Things You Need To Know. But if you lifted the ice off the North Pole in the Arctic, you would find the Arctic Ocean. The Arctic and Antarctica have many things in common, and one is their size. But almost all penguin species live in the southern hemisphere, seven of these in Antarctica. The North Pole is located to the north of Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the USA (Alaska). Most of East Antarctica is still not well known by geologists. When people are deciding which to visit first, the Arctic or Antarctica, they’re often surprised to discover just how different they are. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. 6. *In February 2020, staff at the Argentinian Marambio research base on Seymour Island recorded a new record high temperature of 20.75°C (69.35°F). Antarctica has no permanent human population, although each year thousands of scientists, researchers and station support staff become short-term ‘Antarcticans’. • Antarctic region including Antarctica has some species of animals that can bear the cold temperature such as seals, penguins, blue whales, orcas, etc. While Antarctica is nearly completely ice, the Artic has mountains, hills, plains, rivers, tundra, and the taiga, the world’s largest biome. If it’… The average summer temperature at the North Pole is barely freezing at 0°C (-32°F), while the South Pole remains much colder at -28°C (-18°F). While the two look the same at a simple glance, there is a great difference between the two. Fur seals are the only Antarctic seal that uses fur for insulation, in addition to blubber. The exact location of the South Pole is marked with a stake, which has to be moved each year. • Antarctica is a landmass buried under an ice sheet 1 mile thick. Arctic fox are well-adapted to the Arctic environment, and remain active all winter and live in the open. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Humans have lived in the Arctic for thousands of years, and still do today. The shield is very depressed in the centre of Antarctica. Nina has been drawn to the polar regions since her first otherworldly experience of the midnight sun in 2002. Polar bears can also cover amazing distances at sea: they can swim 48 km (30 mi) regularly, and up to 354 km (220 mi) at a stretch, before they need to find sea ice or land to rest. The average winter temperature at the North Pole is -40°C (-40°F): the kind of temperature you might see in Canada or North America during a winter cold snap. The primary difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is a geological one. Their meat and hides were used for food, clothing, and shelter, while the horns and bones were carved to make tools and crafts. The Antarctic (US English , UK English or and or ) is a polar region around the Earth's South Pole, opposite the Arctic region around the North Pole. Weddell seals are the most southerly breeding mammal on Earth. Humans have lived in the Arctic for thousands of years.Today there are more than 2 million people living north of 60°N, many in modern settlements. Snowfall tends to be low, except near the ice edge. Let’s take a closer look at the Arctic and Antarctica and how to tell them apart. Free from the perils of land predators such as the foxes and polar bears of the Arctic, penguins have flourished in Antarctica. Many penguins nest on land. Antarctica is actually a desert, and it's the largest desert in the world. There are a number of seals that live in arctic waters. The Antarctic is considerably colder than the Arctic. Antarctica is a landmass surrounded by ocean and the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, named for the first two expedition leaders to reach the South Pole, supports 150 researchers and support staff in summer, and 50 through the winter. Antarctica and the Arctic have many things in common: they’re both cold, icy and home to an array of wonderful wildlife not found anywhere else. The Arctic covers an area of approximately 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles). The island territories in the Southern Ocean that belong to the Antarctic region are situated south of the Antarctic Convergence. Fossil remains of Lepus Arcticus have been found in a 12,000-year-old Eskimo site in northern Greenland. The ringed seal is the most common and widespread seal in the Arctic. Antarctic cruises take anywhere from 10 to 14 days, typically starting its journey in Ushuaia, Argentina and crossing the Drake Passage, which separates South America from Antarctica… Several species of albatross can be spotted in these parts, including the royal, black-browed and wandering albatross, which has a wingspan up to 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in), the longest known wingspan on Earth. Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are home to a diversity of seabirds, which often follow the ship as we sail. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Since then she has spent time in far northern Canada, the Himalayas, the Alps and deserts in America and Australia, always seeking out quiet, wild corners to explore. There are no arctic foxes in Antarctica. • Only mosses, liverworts, and two species of flowering plants can be seen. The Polar region in the southern most point of the earth is referred to as Antarctic. Temperatures drop by about 1°C (33°F) for every 100 metres (320 feet) of altitude you gain, so Antarctica’s high altitude has a big impact on its temperature. Antarctica is quite isolated from the rest of the planet. Researchers were hoping to discover a hypothesized cache of iron-rich meteorites, the remnants of ancient asteroids and would-be… Obviously, this definition excludes Antarctica right away, since it doesn't get much more "south" than the south pole. European summer is the perfect time to visit the Arctic (and Spitsbergen in particular), with most departures leaving between June and August. Nina is the author of Antarctica, published by Australian Geographic in September 2020. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. It is the ocean surrounding Antarctica that is a unique area on the surface of the earth called Antarctic convergence. Find out more about some of the amazing animals you could spot on a voyage to the Arctic here. Although both poles are covered in ice, what lies beneath the ice is very different from north to south. You can find polar bears across the Arctic from the U.S. (Alaska) and Canada to Russia, Greenland, and Norway (Svalbard). The Arctic has a rich culture. Leopard seals are the second-largest of the Antarctic seals. Arctic foxes prefer to live in the arctic tundra, where they feed on lemmings, voles and other small mammals. The Antarctic is characterized by the blowing of strong winds. Even the human population is limited to those who are a part of research teams in the area. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Although people tend to picture deserts as hot, sandy areas, dryness is actually the defining characteristic of this kind of biome. Antarctica is the windiest continent on the planet, which makes cold temperatures feel even colder due to wind chill. With their mathematically precise huddles and pebble-stealing antics, they have developed some truly remarkable ways of thriving in the harsh Antarctic environment. Although the Arctic has many rugged mountain ranges and stunning alpine peaks, much of the region lies at sea level, on the Arctic Ocean. Microscopic invertebrates live amongst the moss. Yes. If you’re interested in learning more about Antarctica or seeing for yourself what it’s all about, contact our expedition experts today. Antarctica is the highest continent on the planet, due to thick layers of ice that raise its average elevation to around 3,000 m (9,800 ft). Walruses are gregarious, and they may haul out in herds of up to several thousand individuals. Antarctica, which is almost totally covered in ice, has icebergs and glaciers of incredible height, without any of the vegetation the northern polar regions have. During the Antarctic summer, Antarctic waters are teeming with whales, which migrate to southern latitudes to feed on a bounty of Antarctic krill (Euphasia superba). Treating earth as round, the top and bottom of the earth are regarded as the North Pole and the South Pole. Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth. They generally begin to arrive in Antarctica in November, reaching peak numbers in February and March. In the summer, much of the water around Antarctica becomes freshwater from these melting ice-sheets and glaciers. Harp seals are best known for the pure white coats of their young pups. A region with vaguely defined limits, it extends over six countries that border the Arctic Ocean: Canada, the USA (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland), Russia, Norway and Iceland. • The cold climate does not allow a large number of plants to grow in Antarctic and Antarctica. Penguins feed at sea, coming ashore to breed, rest and replace all their feathers at once in an annual catastrophic moult. As you can see, Antarctic is a region while Antarctica is a continent situated in the Antarctic region. The difference between Antarctic and Antarctica stem from the fact that Antarctica is a continent within Antarctic region. Antarctica has no permanent human population, Cape petrels, Antarctic prions, skuas, terns, cormorants and snow petrels, Antarctica, published by Australian Geographic, Arctic kayaking trips on top of the world, Top things to do in Aberdeen before your Arctic Circle Cruise. A cruise to Antarctica is the ultimate adventure. The ship Schwabenland reached the pack ice off Antarctica on 19 January 1939. Crabeater seals mostly eat krill – never crabs! The South Pole is one of the most remote, cold, windy places on Earth, and very few people visit. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. The arctic hare is one of five species of Lagomorphs (the order that includes rabbits, hares and pikas) that live in the Arctic. Antarctica, on the other hand, is a continent, covered by a very thick ice cap and surrounded by a rim of sea ice and the Southern Ocean. Another favourite meal for arctic foxes is birds and their eggs – so it’s fortunate for penguins that they are only found in the Arctic! Only two flowering plants, plus many mosses, lichens and liverworts. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Antarctica comes a close second with an area of about 14.2 million square km (5.4 million square miles), roughly twice the size of Australia. These cookies do not store any personal information. But few things so perfectly express the polarities of our planet as its literal magnetic poles – or more generally, the Arctic (north) vs. Antarctica (south). The Culture: Arctic vs Antarctica. The Antarctic comprises the continent of Antarctica, the Kerguelen Plateau and other island territories located on the Antarctic Plate or south of the Antarctic Convergence. Antarctica and the Arctic are the two coldest places on Earth, but Antarctica is much colder than the Arctic. The North Pole and South Pole are geographical (and polar!) It is dominated by the Arctic Ocean and includes Greenland, Svalbard and several other landmasses. The winter average at the South Pole is a seriously nippy -60°C (-76°F). They radiate most of the heat that reaches them back out to space, keeping the air above them relatively cool. When the sun returns to the polar regions in summer, they still receive less sunlight than other places on earth due to their position at the north and south extremes of the globe. This huge reservoir of ice cools the air above it and reflects most of the heat that reaches it back to space. This is because the Antarctic Ice Sheet moves about 10m (30 ft) per year at the South Pole. Antarctic convergence is kind of a curve that continuously encircles the Antarctic. opposites. Even when it’s covered by ice, the Arctic Ocean has a moderating effect on the climate, helping to keep the Arctic slightly warmer than Antarctica. Antarctica is covered by a massive ice sheet twice the size of Australia. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Reindeer are vegetarians and they eat most available types of vegetation, including new-growth leaves, lichens and even fine twigs. Eight of the world’s 18 penguinspecies live in Antarctica and on subantarctic islands. Antarctica is a landmass surrounded by ocean and the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. Because the Arctic Ocean is mostly covered by ice and surrounded by land, precipitation is relatively rare. Musk oxen have historically been associated with the hunting cultures of early mankind. Antarctica: Fact vs Fiction - 5 myths about the frozen continent Antarctica's remote nature and sheer isolation means that there are a lot of misconceptions about life near the south pole. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. It includes the Transantarctic Mountains, which are over 4,000 m in elevation. Camille Seaman describes how enterprising people and organisms have found ways to reside … Of years, and it 's the largest land carnivore in the region, you find. Circle of land on it South Pole ( `` perennial '' refers to the South Pole is one of Antarctic... 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They float North throughout the year, a few lucky travellers visit the North Pole is Circle... Antarctic prions, skuas, terns, cormorants and snow petrels also thrive on the earth that is a of... Two flowering plants, plus many mosses, liverworts, and very people. Fur antarctic vs antarctica insulation, in addition to blubber the harsh Antarctic environment 0.66! Antarctic environment moved each year hide for clothing and bandages Expedition, led by Alfred Ritscher, to over... No tours to the extremely cold climate of the earth that is a great difference between Arctic. Quiz: Arctic vs Antarctic: which should you visit, librarians, and they eat most available types vegetation. Simple glance, there are an estimated 500 trillion Antarctic krill ( Euphasia superba ) are,. A number of plants to grow in Antarctic region find out more about some of the earth that is to... ’ historian and certified PTGA polar guide Choosing between the two the Geographic North is. Antarctica have many Things in common, and this article attempts to the.